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Reduction of ACE2 Serum Concentrations by Telbivudine in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients

[ Vol. 23 , Issue. 5 ]


Ya-Hui Huang*, Chau-Ting Yeh*, Chao-Wei Hsu and Yang-Hsiang Lin   Pages 420 - 424 ( 5 )


<p>Background: Coronavirus disease 2019, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has wreaked havoc worldwide since December 2019. Currently, no effective medical treatments have been approved. As the epidemic continues to spread, SARS-CoV-2 mutants emerge, some of which become more infectious with increasing vaccine resistance. The main route for SARS-CoV-2 to enter the host cells is by binding its spike protein to the host receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Besides the membrane-bound form of ACE2, the soluble form of ACE2 (sACE2) can also bind SARS-CoV-2 for viral endocytosis. <p> Objective: Previously, we found that telbivudine reduced the concentrations of ACE1 in blood. Therefore, we speculated that this drug might also reduce the concentrations of sACE2. <p> Methods: In this retrospective study, serum samples from 39 hepatitis B patients receiving telbivudine were collected and examined for sACE2 concentrations using an ELISA kit.. <p> Results: It was found that the serum concentrations of sACE2 were significantly declined in chronic hepatitis B patients treated with telbivudine. <p> Conclusion: Telbivudine treatment reduced sACE2 concentrations, which could potentially reduce the infection risk of SARS-CoV-2.</p>


Coronavirus disease 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, angiotensin-converting enzyme, telbivudine, hepatitis B virus, serum, SARS-CoV-2, ACE2.


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