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Novel Insights of ANGPTL-3 on Modulating Cholesterol Efflux Capacity Induced by HDL Particle

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 6 ]


Min Lai, Xiang Jiang, Bin Wang*, Ye Cheng* and Xin Su   Pages 771 - 779 ( 9 )


Background: Angiopoietin-like protein 3 (ANGPTL-3) modulates lipid metabolism and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), especially stable angina (SA), via suppressing lipoprotein lipase (LPL). However, whether there are other mechanisms is not elucidated yet. The current research explored the modulatory roles of ANGPTL-3 on high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which further affects atherosclerotic development. <p> Methods: A total of 200 individuals were enrolled in the present study. Serum ANGPTL- 3 levels were detected via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Cholesterol efflux capacity induced by HDL particles was detected through H<sup>3</sup>-cholesterol loading THP-1 cell. <p> Results: The serum ANGPTL-3 levels presented no significant discordance between the SA group and the non-SA group, whereas the serum ANGPTL-3 levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) group were significantly elevated compared with those in the non-T2DM group [428.3 (306.2 to 736.8) ng/ml vs. 298.2 (156.8 to 555.6) ng/ml, p <0.05]. Additionally, the serum ANGPTL-3 levels were elevated in patients with low TG levels compared to those in patients with high TG levels [519.9 (377.6 to 809.0) ng/ml vs. 438.7 (329.2 to 681.0) ng/ml, p <0.05]. By comparison, the individuals in the SA group and T2DM group presented decreased cholesterol efflux induced by HDL particles [SA: (12.21±2.11)% vs. (15.51±2.76)%, p <0.05; T2DM: (11.24±2.13)% vs. (14.65± 3.27)%, p <0.05]. In addition, the serum concentrations of ANGPTL-3 were inversely associated with the cholesterol efflux capacity of HDL particles (r=-0.184, p <0.05). Through regression analysis, the serum concentrations of ANGPTL-3 were found to be an independent modulator of the cholesterol efflux capacity of HDL particles (standardized β=-0.172, p <0.05). <p> Conclusion: ANGPTL-3 exhibited a negative modulatory function on cholesterol efflux capacity induced by HDL particles.</p>


ANGPTL3, cholesterol efflux capacity, HDL, stable angina, type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease.


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