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Maternal High Fat Diet and its Expressions in the Heart and Liver in the Mice Embryogenesis

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 7 ]


Sanjeev Nirala*, Xue-Rui Tan, Muhammad Shafiq, Rajesh Basnet and Apekshya Singh   Pages 889 - 898 ( 10 )


Background: The developmental biology for the nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and coronary heart disease are known but elaborative ideas of triglycerides phenomenon in the embryo-genesis of the liver and the heart are still not clear. <P> Objective: The aim of the study was to relate different triglycerides like LXRα, LPL, LDL R, PPARG-, SREBP-1C expression in the high fat fed mice with the normal fed diet mice in the process of developmental and embryo-genesis biology. <P> Methods: Tissue preparation was done by ripalysis. Different protein content was obtained via western blot for the 6 samples namely a-17.5 days mice embryo heart; b- 0th day or the birthday mice infant heart; c-1 week mice infant heart; d-2 weeks mice infant heart; e-3 weeks mice infant heart; f-Adult mice heart. Protein lysates from the heart tissues of the mice was obtained via homegenization and centrifugation. Hematoxylin and Eosin (H and E) was done to see the fat droplets in the liver tissues at the different developmental stages. <P> Result: LXRα,SREBP-1C expression in 17.5 days mice embryo heart and 0th day or the birthday mice infant heart is highly expressed in the high fat diet. LDL-R in the high fat diet mice is increased in 2 weeks mice infant heart but in17.5 days mice embryo heart and in 0th day or the birthday mice infant heart it is low expression but from 1week mice infant heart to the adult mice heart the expression is in decreasing trend. Similarly LPL is highly expressed in17.5 days mice embryo heart and 1 week mice infant heart and thus low expression in decreasing order until adult mice heart.Thus, these results collectively shows that maternal HF diet increases expression of proteins such as LPL, LDLr in the embryo phase and thus getting normal expressions in the adult phase that facilitate Triglycerides (TAG) hydrolysis across the liver and the heart. Also,maternal high fat diet increases the SREBP1c expression, leading to stimulation of LPL Expression. <P> Conclusion: In summary, using a pregnant mice model, we found that maternal high fat diet increases the fetal fat accumulation. Elevated placental LPL activity and expression of genes that facilitate placental lipid transport suggest that enhanced placental lipid transport may play a key role in maternal nutrition and obesity-induced fetal fat accumulation.


Maternal high fat diet, heart and liver, mice, embryogenesis, coronary artery disease, (lipoprotein lipase), SREBP1c.


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