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Pharmacological Profile of Novel Anti-cancer Drugs Approved by USFDA in 2022: A Review

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 6 ]


Kavita Sangwan, Vipasha Sharma and Parveen Kumar Goyal*   Pages 734 - 750 ( 17 )


<p> Background: For any drug molecule, it is mandatory to pass the drug approval process of the concerned regulatory authority, before being marketed. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), throughout the year, approves several new drugs for safety and efficacy. In addition to new drug approvals, FDA also works on improving access to generic drugs, aimed to lower the cost of drugs for patients and improve access to treatments. In the year 2022 twelve new drug therapies were approved for managing varying cancers. <p> Methods: This manuscript is focused to describe the pharmacological aspects including therapeutic uses, mechanisms of actions, pharmacokinetics, adverse effects, doses, indication for special cases, contraindications, etc., of novel FDA-approved anticancer drug therapies in the year 2022. <p> Result: FDA has approved about 29% (11 out of 37) novel drug therapies for varying types of cancers such as lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, melanoma, leukemia, etc. The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research CDER has reported that 90% of these anticancer drugs (e.g. Adagrasib, Futibatinib, Mirvetuximabsoravtansinegynx, Mosunetuzumab-axb, Nivolumab and relatlimab-rmbw, Olutasidenib, Pacritinib, Tebentafusp-tebn, Teclistamab-cqyv, and Tremelimumab-actl) as orphan drugs and recommended to treat rare or uncommon cancers such as non-small cell lung cancer, metastatic intrahepatic cholangio-carcinoma, epithelial ovarian cancer, follicular lymphoma, metastatic melanoma, metastatic uveal melanoma, etc. CDER has identified six anticancer drugs (e.g. Lutetium (<sup>177</sup>Lu)vipivotidetetraxetan, Mirvetuximabsoravtansine- gynx, Mosunetuzumab-axb, Nivolumab and relatlimab-rmbw, Tebentafusp-tebn, Teclistamab-cqyv) as first-in-class drugs i.e. drugs having different mechanisms of action from the already existing ones. The newly approved anticancer drugs shall provide more efficient treatment options for cancer patients. Three FDA-approved anticancer drugs in the year 2023 are also briefly described in the manuscript. <p> Conclusion: This manuscript, describing the pharmacological aspects of eleven anticancer novel drug therapies approved by the FDA, shall serve as a helpful document for cancer patients, concerned academicians, researchers, and clinicians, especially oncologists.</p>


USFDA, Novel anticancer drugs, Krazati, Kimmtrak, Imjudo, Lunsumio, Rezlidhia.


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