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Efferocytosis and Metabolic Syndrome: A Narrative Review

[ Vol. 24 , Issue. 6 ]


Ali Amirinejad, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Noushin Rezaeivandchali and Seyed Mohammad Gheibihayat*   Pages 751 - 757 ( 7 )


Metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is distinguished by the simultaneous presence of hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and central obesity, is a critical risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVDs), mortality, and illness burden. Eliminating about one million cells per second in the human body, apoptosis conserves homeostasis and regulates the life cycle of organisms. In the physiological condition, the apoptotic cells internalize to the phagocytes by a multistep process named efferocytosis. Any impairment in the clearance of these apoptotic cells results in conditions related to chronic inflammation, such as obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. On the other hand, insulin resistance and MetS can disturb the efferocytosis process. Since no study investigated the relationship between efferocytosis and MetS, we decided to explore the different steps of efferocytosis and describe how inefficient dead cell clearance is associated with the progression of MetS.


Efferocytosis, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, obesity efferocytosis, obesity.


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