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A Narrative Review of Signaling Pathway and Treatment Options for Diabetic Nephropathy


Bhupesh Chander Semwal*, Neha Chauhan, Jyoti Verma, Ankit Kumar, Sonia Singh and Bhupendra Singh  


Background: Diabetic nephropathy is a progressive kidney disease that frequently results in end-stage renal disorders and is characterized by proteinuria, albuminuria, decreased filtration, and renal fibrosis. Despite the fact that there are a number of therapeutic alternatives available, DN continues to be the main contributor to end-stage renal disease. Therefore, significant innovation is required to enhance outcomes in DN patients. <p> Material and methods: Information was collected from online search engines like, Google Scholar, Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and Sci-Hub databases using keywords like diabetes, nephropathy, kidney disease, autophagy, etc. <p> Result: Natural compounds have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and impact various signaling pathways. They ameliorate kidney damage by decreasing oxidative stress, inflammatory process, and fibrosis and enhance the antioxidant system, most likely by activating and deactivating several signaling pathways. This review focuses on the role of metabolic memory and various signaling pathways involved in the pathogenesis of DN and therapeutic approaches available for the management of DN. Special attention is given to the various pathways modulated by the phytoconstituents.


Diabetes,Diabetic nephropathy,Metabolic memory,Autophagy,Antioxidant


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