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The Roles of Autophagy-related miRNAs in Gynecologic Tumors: a Review of Current Knowledge for Possible Targeted Therapy


Mahya Mobinikhaledi, Arezoo Faridzadeh, Tahereh Farkhondeh, Mohammad Hossein Pourhanifeh and Saeed Samarghandian*   Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )


Gynecological cancers are the leading cause of malignancy-related death and disability in the world. These cancers are diagnosed at end stages, and unfortunately, the standard therapeutic strategies available for the treatment of affected women [including chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery] are not safe and effective enough. Moreover, the unwanted side-effects lowering the patients' life quality is another problem for these therapies. Therefore, researchers should search for better alternative/complementary treatments. The involvement of autophagy in the pathogenesis of various cancers has been demonstrated. Recently, a novel crosstalk between microRNAs, small non-coding RNAs with important regulatory functions, and autophagy machinery has been highlighted. In this review, we indicate the importance of this interaction for targeted therapy in the treatment of cancers including gynecological cancers, with a focus on underlying mechanisms.


microRNA, autophagy, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer.


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