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Hypoxia Affects Mitochondrial Stress and Facilitates Tumor Metastasis of Colorectal Cancer Through Slug SUMOylation


Jin-bao Wang, Shi-lin Ding, Xiao-song Liu, Tianren Yu, Zeng-an Wu and Yu-xiang Li*   Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )


Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignant tumor. Slug has been found to display a key role in diversified cancers, but its relevant regulatory mechanisms in CRC development are not fully explored. <P> </P> Objective: Hence, exploring the function and regulatory mechanisms of Slug is critical for the treatment of CRC. <P> </P> Methods: Protein expressions of Slug, N-cadherin, E-cadherin, Snail, HIF-1α, SUMO1, Drp1, Opa1, Mfn1/2, PGC-1α, NRF1, and TFAM were measured through western blot. To evaluate the protein expression of Slug and SUMO-1, an immunofluorescence assay was used. Cell migration ability was tested through transwell assay. The SUMOylation of Slug was examined through CO-IP assay. <P> </P> Results: Slug displayed higher expression and facilitated tumor metastasis in CRC. In addition, hypoxia treatment was discovered to upregulate HIF-1α, Slug, and SUMO-1 levels, as well as induce Slug SUMOylation. Slug SUMOylation markedly affected mitochondrial biosynthesis, fusion, and mitogen-related protein expression levels to trigger mitochondrial stress. Additionally, the induced mitochondrial stress by hypoxia could be rescued by Slug inhibition and TAK-981 treatment. <P> </P> Conclusion: Our study expounded that hypoxia affects mitochondrial stress and facilitates tumor metastasis of CRC through Slug SUMOylation.


CRC,hypoxia,mitochondrial stress,Slug SUMOylation


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