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Dysregulated Long Non-coding RNAs in Myasthenia Gravis- A Mini-Review


Liying Sun, Xuhui Ye, Linlin Wang, Junping Yu, Yan Wu, Yun Hua and Lihua Dai*   Pages 1 - 11 ( 11 )


Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an acquired autoimmune disease that is mediated by humoral immunity, supplemented by cellular immunity, along with participation of the complement system. The pathogenesis of MG is complex; although autoimmune dysfunction is clearly implicated, the specific mechanism remains unclear. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNA molecules with lengths greater than 200 nucleotides, with increasing evidence of their rich biological functions and high-level structure conservation. LncRNAs can directly interact with proteins and microRNAs to regulate the expression of target genes at the transcription and post-transcription levels. In recent years, emerging studies have suggested that lncRNAs play roles in the differentiation of immune cells, secretion of immune factors, and complement production in the human body. This suggests the involvement of lncRNAs in the occurrence and progression of MG through various mechanisms. In addition, the differentially expressed lncRNAs in peripheral biofluid may be used as a biomarker to diagnose MG and evaluate its prognosis. Moreover, with the development of lncRNA expression regulation technology, it is possible to regulate the differentiation of immune cells and influence the immune response by regulating the expression of lncRNAs, which will provide a potential therapeutic option for MG. Here, we review the research progress on the role of lncRNAs in different pathophysiological events contributing to MG, focusing on specific lncRNAs that may largely contribute to the pathophysiology of MG, which could be used as potential diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets.


long non-coding RNA,myasthenia gravis,pathophysiology,diagnostic biomarkers,therapeutic strategieslong non-coding RNA,therapeutic strategies


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