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Identification of a Good-Prognosis IDH-Mutant-Like Population of Patients with Diffuse Gliomas

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Z. Wang, X. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Bao, W. Zhang, C. Zhang* and T. Jiang*   Pages 518 - 526 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation is the initiating event that defines major clinical and prognostic classes of gliomas, but the potential mechanisms have not been well interpreted yet. The main objective of the current study was to better understand the underlying biology of IDH mutant gliomas as captured by gene expression profiles.

Methods: RNA sequencing data of WHO grade II-IV gliomas from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA, N=325) were used to assess differentially expressed genes between IDH mutant and wild type gliomas and to construct a gene expression-based classifier to detect IDH mutant samples with high sensitivity and specificity. The classifier was validated in independent RNA sequencing data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA, N=699), and the prognostic value of the classifier was also assessed in the two datasets.

Results: A 58-gene-pair IDH mutation signature was developed by using the top scoring pairs algorithm. In CGGA dataset, 98.5% and 100% IDH mutant samples were also predicted to be mutant by gene expression based IDH status in grade II-III and grade IV gliomas, respectively. In TCGA dataset, the proportions were 99.8% and 100%, respectively. The signature remained to be a prognostic marker in multivariate cox analysis both in CGGA and TCGA datasets.

Conclusion: A characteristic gene expression signature is associated with and accurately predicts IDH mutation status. This suggests a common biology between these tumors and adds prognostic and biologic information that is not captured by the mutation status alone. These results may help in population stratification for clinical trials. As RNA-seq is more and more prevalent and cost-effective in glioma molecular diagnosis, this gene signature would provide a precise method to predict IDH mutation status with RNA-seq data.

Keywords:

Glioma, IDH mutation, signature, top scoring pairs, prognosis.

Affiliation:

Department of Molecular Neuropathology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, Department of Molecular Neuropathology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, Department of Molecular Neuropathology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050



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