Elahe S. Hosseini, Hamed H. Kashani, Hossein Nikzad, Alireza Soleimani, Hamed Mirzaei, Mohammd R. Tamadon and Zatollah Asemi* Pages 570 - 578 ( 9 )
Background: This study was conducted to determine the effects of vitamin D supplementation on some of the gene expressions related to insulin and lipid metabolism in diabetic hemodialysis (HD) patients.
Methods: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was carried out in 55 patients with diabetic HD. The current project used two groups in which each subject received vitamin D supplements (50,000 IU, n=28) or placebo (50,000 IU, n=27) every 2 weeks for 12 weeks. Gene expression analyses (RT-PCR) were included to obtain the rate of gene expression of the related insulin and lipid metabolism genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with diabetic HD.
Results: Our data revealed that consumption of vitamin D supplementation enables to overexpress the peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) (P=0.001), AKT (P=0.04), PI3K (P=0.02), insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS1) (P0.008) and glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT-4) (P=0.01) and downregulate the expression of protein kinase C (PKC) (P=0.001) in patients with diabetic HD than control group following the 12-week intervention. In addition, vitamin D supplementation downregulated low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) (P=0.03) expression in the subjects with diabetic HD than the control group. Vitamin D supplementation did not show any effects on the expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1) (P=0.37), IRS2 (P=0.90) and lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] (P=0.05).
Conclusion: Our findings confirmed that diabetic HD subjects who received the vitamin D supplementation (for 12 weeks), showed a significant overexpression in the PPAR-γ, AKT, PI3K, IRS1 and GLUT4 genes, and also showed a significant downregulation in the PKC and LDLR genes. Moreover, no effects on PDK1, IRS2 and Lp(a) expression were observed.
Vitamin D supplementation, hemodialysis, signaling pathway, insulin, lipid, metabolism.
Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Department of Internal Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan