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Extracellular Vesicles in Tumor Diagnosis: A Mini-Review

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Si Yu, Menglin Huang, Jingyu Wang, Yongchang Zheng* and Haifeng Xu*   Pages 596 - 606 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Wide exploration of noninvasive tumor/cancer biomarkers has shed light on clinical diagnosis. However, many under-investigated biomarkers showed limited application potency due to low sensitivity and specificity, while extracellular vehicles (EVs) were gradually recognized as promising candidates. EVs are small vesicles transporting bioactive cargos between cells in multiple physiological processes and also in tumor/cancer pathogenesis. This review aimed to offer recent studies of EVs on structure, classification, physiological functions, as well as changes in tumor initiation and progression. Furthermore, we focused on advances of EVs and/or EV-related substances in cancer diagnosis, and summarized ongoing studies of promising candidates for future investigations.

Keywords:

Extracellular vesicle, cancer diagnosis, biomarker, exosome, tumor microenvironment, microvesicles.

Affiliation:

Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinformatics, Center for Synthetic and Systems Biology, Bioinformatics Division, BNRist, Department of Automation, Tsinghua University, Beijing, Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing



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