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An inventory of diagnostic tools for detection of COVID-19

Author(s):

Akansha Bhatt, Zeeshan Fatima*, Munindra Ruwali* and Saif Hameed*  

Abstract:


The ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-COV-2 has afflicted millions of lives globally and disrupted almost all the activities of mankind. Under such pressing circumstances when there are no effective therapeutics available, fast and accurate diagnosis of the corona virus is the only way out to limit the transmission. Since the inception of COVID-19, the demand of diagnostic tests has increased day by day and RT-PCR is the commonly used screening test which is not only time consuming but requires sophisticated resources. To address the increasing rate of spread of COVID-19, there is an urgent need of more diagnostic tools as the researches on vaccines is still at rudimentary level. This review summarizes an inventory on the diverse and currently available diagnostic methods based on nucleic acid and serology along with some of those working on novel principles viz. CRISPR, biosensors and NGS. Additionally, a gist of accessible diagnostic kits that are already approved by US & European authorities for the diagnosis of COVID-19 are also suggested that will help in selecting most effective tests under the given scenario. Taken together, this review will pave way for further strengthening the researches in the rapid and safer diagnostics of SARS-COV-2.

Keywords:

COVID-19, SARS-COV-2, diagnostics, nucleic acid, serology, biosensors, NGS, CRISPR

Affiliation:

Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Haryana, Gurugram (Manesar)-122413, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Haryana, Gurugram (Manesar)-122413, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Haryana, Gurugram (Manesar)-122413, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Haryana, Gurugram (Manesar)-122413



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