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Improving the Efficiency and Safety of Aspirin by Complexation with the Natural Polysaccharide Arabinogalactan

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Mikhail V. Khvostov, Tatjana G. Tolstikova, Sergey A. Borisov, Natalja A. Zhukova, Alexander V. Dushkin, Yulia S. Chistyachenko and Nikolay E. Polyakov   Pages 582 - 589 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: The main undesirable side effect of the aspirin is the damage to the gastrointestinal mucosa, leading to the formation of erosions, peptic ulcers, and as a result, bleeding. To overcome this problem “host-guest” complexation with natural polysaccharide arabinogalactan could be applied. </p><p> Methods: The complex with a weight ratio of ASA:AG = 1:10 was prepared by solid phase method in a rotary mill. Complex was administered orally to mice or rats at doses of 250, 500 or 1000 mg/kg. The “acetic acid induced writhing” and “hot plate” tests were used as an in vivo pain models. The antiinflammatory activity was studied using “histamine swelling” test. Also, long-term (30 days) oral introduction of the complex to rats was performed and gastric mucosa damages were evaluated. In all experiments pure aspirin (ASA) was used as a control in appropriate doses. </p><p> Results: The minimal effective analgesic dose of the complex was 250 mg/kg, equivalent to 23 mg/kg of ASA, a dose in which aspirin itself was not active. The anti-inflammatory effect was found at relatively higher doses: 500 and 1000 mg/kg (46 and 92 mg/kg of ASA respectively) for the complex and only at 100 mg/kg for the ASA. Long-term introduction of the complex at doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg was safe for gastric mucosa, while ASA at the dose of 50 mg/kg showed a strong gastric mucosal damage. </p><p> Conclusion: The effective analgesic and anti-inflammatory doses of 1:10 aspirin complex with arabinogalactan are twice less compared to pure aspirin and safer for the gastrointestinal mucosa. </p><p>

Keywords:

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory activity, aspirin, arabinogalactan, bioavailability, complexation.

Affiliation:

Laboratory of Pharmacological Research, N.N. Vorozhtsov Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia.



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