C. Sun, Y. Jiang, L. Sun, H. Shang and Y. Zhao Pages 1028 - 1039 ( 12 )
Monocytes/macrophages play crucial roles in immunity to microorganisms and are one of the important targets for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The phenotypes and function of monocytes in HIV-infected patients were poorly determined. We herein detected the expression of Th1/Th2 cytokine receptors on monocyte subsets in the untreated HIV-infected patients of either long term nonprogressor (LTNP) or chronic infection (CHI). CD14+CD16- monocytes were significantly increased and CD14+CD16+ monocytes were reduced in patients of LTNP or CHI compared with healthy control. IL-6R expression on CD14+CD16- monocytes were decreased in patients of LTNP or CHI, whereas IL-4R and IL-10R expression on both CD14+CD16- and CD14+CD16+ monocyte subsets were increased in patients with LTNP or CHI, as determined by flow cytometry and real time PCR assays. The decreased IL-6R expression and enhanced IL-4R and IL-10R expression were also observed on CD4+ T cells of these patients, indicating that these changes in monocytes are not cell-specific. CD14+CD16- monocytes of HIV-infected patients produced less TNF-α and IL-1β but identical levels of IL-6, and IL-12 as the control after IFN-γ/LPS stimulation. However, in the presence of IL-4 or IL10, CD14+CD16- monocytes of HIV-infected patients produced more TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12 or Il-1β after IFN-γ/LPS stimulation than the healthy control, supporting the impaired IL-4R and IL-10R signal pathways in patients with LTNP and CHI. Therefore, our present study offered the basic information for the Th1/Th2 cytokine receptor expression and function on monocyte subsets in untreated HIV-infected individuals.
Chronic HIV infection, cytokine, humans, long term nonprogressor, monocyte/macrophage, receptors, host defense, microenvironments, phenotype, proliferation, differentiation, human immunodeficiency virus, cellular immunity, infection, transcription.
Key Laboratory of AIDS Immunology of Ministry of Health, Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Hospital of China Medical University,, No.155, Nanjing North Street, Heping District, Shenyang, 110001, China.