Harsha Kashyap, Sarika Gupta* and Renu Bist Pages 12 - 19 ( 8 )
Diabetes is a metabolic hyperglycemic condition that progressively develops, effect small and large sensory fibers in the affected population. It has various complications as hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease as well as peripheral neuropathy. Sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, metformin, biguanidine, acarbose and insulin are commonly used drugs for diabetic patients, but these all have certain side effects. Even metformin, that is known as the miracle drug for diabetes has been found to be associated with side effects, as during treatment it involves complications with eyes, kidneys, peripheral nerves, heart and vasculature. In the present article, we hypothesize recent discoveries with respect to active ingredients from Indian medicinal plants i.e., polypeptide-p (protein analogue act as artificial insulin), charantin (a steroidal saponin), momordicin (an alkaloid) and osmotin (ubiquitous plant protein and animal analogue of human adeponectin) possessing anti-hyperglycemic potential for diabetes type II. Therefore, plants as herbal therapy have preventive care of hyperglycemia accompanied with healthy lifestyle which can provide significant decline in the incidences of diabetes in future.
Diabetes, diabetic neuropathy, anti-hyperglycemic, preventive health care management, diacylglycerol, herbal therapy.
Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan, 304022, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan, 304022, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan, 304022