Suman K. Ray and Sukhes Mukherjee* Pages 462 - 475 ( 14 )
Genome editing is an addition, deletion, or replacement of a gene to remove or initiating explicit and preferred characters in the genome. Utilizing gene-editing tools like CRISPR-Cas9 technology could be accomplished either by gene-based methodology or protein-based technology that has been under scrutiny for the protracted time wherein physical techniques, viral and non-viral strategies have been utilized together. Transplanting ex vivo CRISPR edited cells empowers screening of single guide RNAs with high-throughput and CRISPR based screening in organoids transplantation to validate cancer cells including colorectal carcinoma in various phases of its development and treatment.CRISPR knockout screens have recognized genes that drive interest in colon cancer to develop hallmarks, especially in some cancer cell lines with single guide RNA, to disclose drug resistance mechanisms. One advantage of this method is to deal with CRISPR knockout genomic screening, which disrupts gene expression, rather than the partial knockdown that is mostly done with RNA interference and CRISPR/Cas technology. This technique is used to treat different forms of cancer because of its proficient editing of the target gene, along with the CRISPR/Cas system. Latest research has shown that the CRISPR/Cas gene-editing technique has theoretically reformed the expression in colorectal carcinoma of long non-coding RNA. For the next decade CRISPR/Cas9 technology will positively fuel the development of more in vivo gene editing clinical trials in colon cancer and will have an enormous impact on molecular medicine.
Genome editing, CRISPR/Cas9 technology, colorectal carcinoma, off-target impacts, Molecular medicine, protein-based technology.
Independent Researcher, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh-462020, Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh-462020