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Cardiac Biomarkers for the Prediction and Diagnosis of Atherosclerotic Disease and its Complications

[ Vol. 6 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

M. D. Weinberg, W. C. Hooper and G. Dangas   Pages 557 - 569 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Inflammation has been implicated in all stages of cardiovascular disease. This has driven a very fruitful search for new biomarkers, which potentially can be used as tools in the diagnosis and prognosis of atherothrombotic disease. While these new markers might prove useful in predicting the onset of atherosclerosis in healthy individuals, the utility of biomarkers in risk assessment for events in those patients with established disease and/or those with acute coronary syndrome requires further work. Effective biomarkers must be standardized, logistically simple to analyze, and clinically useful. Understanding what impact sex, age, ethnicity, and comorbid conditions may have on biomarkers is also of importance. Unfortunately, many of the candidate markers have yet to satisfy these requirements.

Keywords:

Oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), acute coronary syndrome (ACS), C-Reactive Protein (CRP), Homocysteine, Anti-Inflammatory Markers

Affiliation:

Columbia University Medical Center, 161 Fort Washington Avenue, 5thFloor, New York, NY 10032, USA.



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