Irene Schulz and Elmar Krause Pages 313 - 322 ( 10 )
Release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores can occur by different intracellular messengers such as InsP3, cADPR and NAADP. Although in some cells messengers may operate on different stores, there are also Ca2+ stores with sensitivities for all three of these messengers. It is well documented, that InsP3- and cADPR-sensitive Ca2+ stores are involved in the activation of “storeoperated Ca2+ channels” (SOCC). It has not yet been unequivocally shown, however, if Ca2+ release from stores, which respond to NAADP but not to InsP3 or cADPR, also generate signals which lead to “store-operated Ca2+ entry”. Neither localization nor the mechanism of coupling to the plasma membrane of those InsP3- and cADPR-sensitive Ca2+ stores which activate SOCCs is yet clear. In this review localization and properties of InsP3-, cADPR- and NAADP-sensitive Ca2+ pools and their mutual interactions are discussed. Differential sensitivities of Ca2+ release mechanisms to InsP3, cADPR and NAADP have consequences on Ca2+ release, Ca2+ oscillations, propagation of Ca2+ waves and on activation of SOCC. Possible interaction of InsP3R and cADPR with candidates of SOCCs (TRP channels) and mechanisms involved in the regulation of SOCCs (activation-deactivation) will be elaborated.
insp3, cadpr, naadp, socc, trp-channels, pancreatic acinar cell
Institute of Physiology,66421 Homburg / Saar, Germany.