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Possible Pathogenic Role of the Transmembrane Isoform of CD160 NK Lymphocyte Receptor in Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

[ Vol. 12 , Issue. 2 ]


J. Giustiniani, S. Sabour-Alaoui, J. Bernard, D. Olive, C. Bos, A. Razafindratsita, A. Petropoulou, R.P. de Latour, P. Le Bouteiller, M. Bagot, G. Socie, A. Bensussan and A. Marie-Cardine   Pages 188 - 198 ( 11 )


PIGA mutations in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) patients lead to a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked membrane proteins expression deficiency. Herein, we report the constitutive expression of the transmembrane CD160 (CD160-TM) activating receptor on non PIGA-mutated PNH patients circulating NK cells. In healthy individuals, only the GPI-anchored isoform of CD160 receptors is expressed on the circulating NK lymphocytes, while the transmembrane isoform appears after ex vivo activation. Similarly to CD160-GPI, we identified CD160-TM as a receptor for the MHC class I molecules. We demonstrate that PNH patients NK lymphocytes spontaneously produce significant amounts of IFN-γ that is inhibited by anti-CD160-TM or anti-MHC class I mAbs. These results indicate that circulating NK cells from PNH patients exhibit a self-MHC class I molecule reactive effector function, which could be mediated through the recruitment of CD160-TM receptor. Our data provide new insights regarding the possible role of CD160-TM on PNH patients NK lymphocytes and in the pathogenesis of the disease


Anchored CD160, NK lymphocytes, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, transmembrane, polymorphic genes, haplotypes, apoptosis, signaling pathway, hematopoietic stem cells, mutations, idiopathic aplastic anemia, hypoplastic myelodysplastic syndrome, Eculizumab, thrombocytopenia, immunosuppressive therapy


Hopital Saint Louis, INSERM U976, Equerre Bazin, 1 Avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France., Hopital Saint Louis, INSERM U976, Equerre Bazin, 1 Avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France.

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